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Standard in pictures - legs

Carpathian wolf. Ideal exterior of Czechoslovakian wolfdog. The goal in breeding. As Mr.Hartl sayd: "Who want´s to know, how the czechoslovakian wolfdog should look like, should go in the ZOO and observe our wolves."

AppearanceCharacterColor, coat, skinHead

BodyBackLegsTailMovement
 

Front and hind legs, paws

 

Paws, fingers, claws

Front legs are large, slightly twist outside, with long arched toes and strong, dark nails. Strong, flexible, dark paws. Feet on the hind legs are longer, arched toes, with strong dark nails.

Color of claws - after the birth and young age appear white claws in puppies, but darken with age. At what age is an individual, but on youth presentation or bonitation, can not be any white claw. By the white nails can be given on bonitation mark of fault - missing pigmentation.

Toes are long, associated, with all-over black nails. When is the dog heavy splayed.

The front paw of adult male compared with the hand of man. In the middle paws of adult male, right paws by puppy 3 months.

Paws of Carpathian wolf.

Faults

Toes are not connected, open paws.

 

On first photo a 3 weeks old puppy, with white claws. Sometimes also the toes can be white. With time both dissapear.

Loss of pigmentation - white paws in adult male. On right white claw by younfg female.

This occurs only rare, but should not be used in breeding. Its marked as M6 - loss of pigmentation.

Front legs

The front legs should be dry, flat, with given angulation. They are arched, long and continuous. Not right are rough or too slim limbs. The length of the front legs should be 55% of height at withers. Influenced by the legs and angulation of pastern and forearm length. By wolfdogs is better if a dog has longer legs than short. The conversion ratio is based on the front legs, a dog of 69 cm should have 38 cm long legs. Short front legs are expressed not only by index of high, which automatically comes out bad, but also by the short pastern and forearm.

What is important is the depth of chest and limb position. On the left we see the correct stance, feet slightly turned out.

By the hind legs are bad hip positions much often. Seen from behind, vertical lines run from the sitting joints and go down to the center of hock joint. Dewclaws are undesirable and should be removed in puppy age. The color is black by claws, white is unacceptable. Proper angulation and limb length directly affects the movement of the dog.

Faults

In some pictures goes about dog, who is not standing, but moves and this movement has created a feeling of errors in position. Not good quality of photography in motion can create an error in the position easily. By judging the position and stand, the dog must stand quietly, not stretched, relaxed, and normal, natural stand.

Wide stance. The position on right picture is slightly crooked and concurrent inside, loose elbows.

Turning limbs inside - converge. Connected with this are large, protruding elbows, chest width, often open paws. On the right picture the dog turned in elbows, this is caused by untreated inflammation. Right correct attitude.

Open stand.

The front legs seem to be short and do not constitute 55% of the height at the withers.

 

Narrow stance.

Elbows look like if swollen. Its a defect.

Hind legs

Important features of correct angulation, can be seen in the picture. Seen from the back, is important a thought upright line, going from the sitting joint into instep, along his whole length. Seen in profile, upright line from the sitting joint passes instep along its whole length to the ground. Improper angles from hip and knee creating wrong angulation. It is important to eliminate from the breeding dogs with very overangulated limbs. Today, very few dogs have perfect angulation of the hind legs, but those with too much overangulation should be eliminated. Otherwise, the situation will be such as currently in German shepherd dogs. To create upright instep, foot must be moved very far away from body. If we look at the history of German shepherds, the angulation of the hind legs was similar to that of wolfdogs, but fashion, shows and breeding degenerated it to what is now seen at shows.

According to Mr.Oskar Dóra, the elbow and knee joints on the hind legs are at the same level. Instep on the back foot are upright to the ground, the slope of the back are right.

How is it by wolves? Hind legs are in correct angle. Vertical line led from the sitting joint, undergoing upright to the ground along the whole length of instep.

Faults

In this case are insteps straight, but creates the impression of sloping bottom.

Overangulation. Similar to German shepherd. The dog puts back leg under himself. If he should get into right position with the instep, we would get the typical attitude of the German Shepherd on dogshows. The other photo a dog with overangulated legs, too far from body and still not upright instep.

The dog has on figure instep upright to the ground level but behind of the sciatic joint.

right stand, cow stand, open stand, bow legs, wide stance, narrow stance, divergent stand

Atypical position - cow hocks.

Open stand.

Divergent stand.

Dewclaws on hind legs - they are not allowed and are eliminated in the earliest age.