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The breed
Standard pictures

Standard in pictures - head

Carpathian wolf. Ideal exterior of Czechoslovakian wolfdog. The goal in breeding. As Mr.Hartl sayd: "Who want´s to know, how the czechoslovakian wolfdog should look like, should go in the ZOO and observe our wolves."

AppearanceCharacterColor, coat, skinHead


Head, ears, eyes, mouth

Wolf's appearance is characteristic for wolfdogs, yet some are more wolf-like than others. This is achieved mainly by head, that is by wolves typically triangular, has narrow amber eyes, short ears and muzzle to skull ratio of 1:1,5. Also, the number of defects, errors and deviations of the head is high. On some photos are several errors at once, so please look only at the one, described defect.

Head of a wolf, which, when seen from above, forms a triangle. Much stronger colored than the coat by todays wolfdogs. Ears are short, rich on coat in inner, triangular in shape. The mask is white, also at the bottom of the mouth. Dry, tight lips. The eye is oblique, pale, amber color. At the head there is no loose skin. (photo: Kasia Piotrowska)

Typical male and female head. The proportions of the head remind the wolf. Never a German Shepherd.


The head is symmetrical, well muscled, when viewed from the top forms a triangle. Sex should be unmistakable. Dog head is bigger. Females have a finer head. In main, the head reminds the wolf's appearance, mainly the eyes, ears, muzzle and mask. Males have a thick winter coat "wolf collar."

The correct ratio of head size is calculated using the index of head Xh, based on a ratio of 1:1,5. The ratio of length of skull and head, should be about 2/3. Some people just like long mouth, which is a wolf mouth, but this ratio is simply beyond the standard... Whether the dog acts more wolfy, but its a error ratio a deviation from the standard.


Male (left) and female (right) - proportions resemble a dog. To this appearance help long ears, dark eyes, the head has not a shape of a blunt wedge, by male signs of wrinkles at rest, loose corners by both dogs.

A narrow head - seen from above has not a wedge shape. Head of the dog should not be like Collie, elongated.

Heavy head. Head should not be at the end of the lip "edgy" like by German shepherds, but end smoothly, like by wolf head. If the head is square ended, the dog looks heavy, too doggy, molossoid. In addition, there is a steep stop, significant frontal forehead gap, open corners, ...

Stop, forehead, top line of mouth

The forehead is slightly arched, forehead gap is weak and stop is slightly marked. Connectors between the inside corner of the eyes characterized the beginning of stop.

Wrong is too steep or flat stop. The head should not have wrinkles at rest.

Muzzle should have a flat top line. Sometimes there appears a hump. This should not be present at rest. But by excitement is not a serious mistake. The hump appears in German shepherd dogs, but sometimes appears by wolves too. Eyebrow bones should not be significant. Mouth dry, not wide, straight bridge of nose.

The ratio length of muzzle and skull is 1: 1.5, by German shepherds are the same 1:1 ratio. By wolves 1,5:1.


Too weak stop. The transition line between the inner corners of the eye upward to the skull is flat.

Too steep stop. The transition line between the eyes towards the skull is too steep.

Significant forehead lines. Left very strong, right lighter.

Significant forehead gap.

Hump on the top of the nose, on the second along the entire length, at rest, is a mistake. However, it occurs by excitement, or concentrating on something, you can have it almost by any dog. It should therefore be considered in the rest of the dog (the picture is very soft, it can be much greater)

In this view, strong brow bone.

Flat forehead.

Muzzle too short, steep stop. Right the opposite, the muzzle appears to be longer than the desired ratio muzzle : skull part. On the left is the ratio of about 1 : 1 and 1,5 : 1 on the right.

 Downface. Too steep slope of nose. (photo:, autor Kamil Horák,

Transferred nose - nose part of muzzle should be slight sloping down. The nose tip is facing up.


Eyes should be almond, narrow and very oblique, must be difference between inside and outside corner, at least 1 cm. German shepherd has the connecting line near zero. Eyes are not convex or deep seated. Lids are tight fitting. The shape of eye is often triangular, but the standard do not says, how the eye should be. Not acceptable are round eyes.

Eye color should be seen in natural light. Photos make eye color often darker and vice versa lighter. Therefore, the judgeing of color on photos is not objective. A definite eye color is achieved in approximately 1 year, but this is highly individual. Go to the yellow around in 4 months, sometimes sooner, sometimes later. Is desirable, of course, a clear amber color. The amber itself has many shades, so its harder to say, what is OK and was is too dark. The problem is dark brown, brown or pale brown color. These are serious defects. Extremely yellow eyes are not wrong, only extreme.

Nice colored, amber eyes.

Eye color varies with age. Puppies have a green to blue-green eyes, a hint of nice and bright eyes, amber in adulthood. This color should be changed gradually as the puppy grows. In old age, some dogs, have darker eyes. The dog, which was beautiful in her youth, with amber eyes, might have brown eyes in old age. There are even some family lines, that carry browning the eye in old age. Even feeding with a high content of carotene (eg, feeding carrots) can lead to browning of the eye.


The picture on the left eye, slight browning, next photo pale brown eye.

Pale brown and dark eyes. On the right is caused by the dog's age.

Fault in eye shape. The eye should be almond shape. On photos are the eyes round. These individuals may not even have a round eye problem, often the situation (fear, worry) and picture effect, creates a round eye. Also in dark show halls are the pupils large, so the eye seems to be round. Eyes on left seem to be also convex.

On the picture seems the eye to be not almond shape, but triangular. The lid creates the typical triangular shape on the top line of eye.  

In addition, that the dog has a darker eye, eyes appears as if it was not sufficiently narrow.

Error in pigmentation - "dot" in the eye. On the right are two different color in puppy eyes (was not given by camera).


Ears standard clearly defines as the wolf ears. So standing, thin, triangular, short, well furred, of less than 1/6 of height at withers, not hung or set high, triangular in shape. So if I have a male 68cm high, his ear should be maximum 11,3cm long, but many want to have the ideal length by wolves, so 6 - 7 cm, which is utophy.

Proper set of ears defines thought line from the middle of ear, just passed along the face of a dog. The outside of the ear - the root and the outer corner of the eye are in one line. If the ear is placed below the line is hung ears, while above the ears are set high. Vertical line from the top of the ear passes the cheek. The ears are well fured, but not thick nor thin, carried upright from an early age. Dropped ears can be caused by lack of nutrition. Large, long ears in puppy age, can also cause them to pitch in, because cartilage is not strong enough to hold them upright.

Long ears, hung or atypical shape are legacy after Shepherds. With these facts, we meet quite often. The wolfdog ears stand early at 4 to 5 weeks (Figure ears with age by the same puppy), by German shepherds occurs the standing in 6 months. If the puppy's ears stand at an early age, it is possible to deduce, that they are the correct length in adult. If the ears stand up at a later age, for example after 6 - 7 week and later, it is possible that the ears are long and at the maximum of the correct length.

The length of the ear should be judged only after the growth, as well as other proportions, as the puppy grows, grow different parts of the body unevenly, so that the long-legged puppy, may have as an adult balanced proportions.

By growth in puppies can occur also a weakness or cartilage. This occurs because cartilage is not yet strong enough to keep the ear in the correct position. The position of the ears, however, occurs after a short time - if the ear is not too long. The same puppy right after 2 weeks.


Long ears. They constitute more than 1/6 the height at the withers.

Hung ears. Vertical line from the middle of ear does not pass close to the cheek. The ears are angled to the sides.

High set ears.

Low-set ears. Vertical line from the middle of ear does not pass close to the cheek.

The shape of the ear is not triangular and the top of ear is rounded (on picture only a puppy!)

Rough ears. Not the ears are deformated, they are also rough. Both on pictures because of health issues. (JLP photography, internet)

Soft ear.

Halfupright ear - like colie. (foto internet)

Inwardly sloping. Although they are upright, the upper half, respectively major part is bent forward and partially or completely covers the ear canal. Source: Internet

Deformation - the dogs ears are deformed because of health issue. (JLP photography)

Untypical ear.


Lips are dry, closed. Rims of lips are black. Often encounter, especially in the male population, with loose corner, as a legacy after the Shepherds.

Mr. O. Dora, longtime expert judge for the breed, standard co-founder, commented on this issue, it is a warning signal, because the incidence of this deficiency is too often and should be done something with it.


Loose corners. The extreme of this error and disqualifying are loose corners when the mouth is closed but in the overhanging skin can be seen the gum. Such head acts molossoid, is often heavy, atypical. Loose corners are also by dogs that sleep, are tired or release. But normally they do not have it. It is necessary to look at this defect so, that the dog is in alert. Should help the fact, that the dog has more times loose corners and overhanging than not.

Overhanging lower lip, which are not open. They are only freely, not forming a thin line.

Slightly overhanging upper lips in front and lower lip at the end of the muzzle. Overhanging upper lip covers the lower jaw line.

Weak down jaw - the front of mouth is formed only by upper part, the lower jaw is not visible, only by the end of cornes.

Fault in pigmentation - the lips are pink and not black. The whole out side to the corners of mouth, should be black. The gum can be pink with black spots, but the outside and lips must be black.


Jaws are strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth, especially carnassial teeth, we can say, they are larger than by other breeds of this size. Wolfdogs is a carnivore, there is the possibility of dual bite - scissors or pincer. Both are standard, but pincer bite is strongly predominant. Bite is with 42 teeth according to tooth formula. The teeth are arranged regularly.

Errors are missing teeth, wrong number of teeth, improper storage of teeth, not proper grow teeth and teeth are improperly stored in the jaw. Wrong is also overshot or the gap between the teeth, ... Teeth should be long enough, but not stand out.

Gum color is pink with black spots, or a predominantly black.

The growth of teeth by puppies. Age of 2 months.

Left front teeth grow by 4 months old puppy, right 6 months old.

Scissor bite - the most common and accurate.


Clamp, uncommon.



Missing teeth.

Fused teeth.

Extra tooth.

The gap between the teeth.

Uneven bite - teeth beyond the level of the other teeth.

Split upper incisor.


Dry, well-muscled, when standing calm, neck gives to the horizontal line angle of 40°.

Neck must be sufficiently long to allow the dog to get nose to the ground with no effort.


70 to 80 degrees angled blade, 90 to 100 degrees correct angulation, 105-110 degrees steep scoop.

Arched neck.

High set.

Low set.