Last update ..::19.03.2018::..  NewsKennel TobrokMy dogsGalleryTerminesAbout pagesAbout breeds

The breed
Standard pictures

Picture definition of CsW standard

For the correct view on how should a CsW look like, I decided to bring in an image interpretation. At the pictures you can see how the wolfdogs look like and what are the desirable traits (after the grow phase, so after 3 - 4 year). On the part "defects", you can see how the exterior should not look like.


The following parts have been developed and interpreted by experts on standards Mrs. Soňa Bognárová and Mr. Oskar Dóra and I thank them for this efforts. Also, photos, ideas are based on informations obtained and shared to us by dedicated breeders. (photos from and Tawy kennel, Mrs. Bognárová presentation - these will be replaced with my own in shortest time).

Carpathian wolf. Ideal exterior of Czechoslovakian wolfdog. The goal in breeding. As Mr.Hartl sayd: "Who want´s to know, how the czechoslovakian wolfdog should look like, should go in the ZOO and observe our wolves."

AppearanceCharacterColor, coat, skinHead



General appearance

The body, general appearance, proportions and facial expression should be unambiguous and clearly define gender. Males are larger, with a wolf's coat collar. Females are more slender, more noble. Height and weight are listed as standard minimums! The individual should be well muscled, not skinny, not heavy and bold, athletic body, reminds a wolf, a dog less, often somewhere between dog and wolf. But! We talk about wolves from Slovakia and Czech! There are huge differences in Carphatian wolves and wolves from Russia or USA. This is very important fact, the local type of wolf from Slovakia and Czech, not other state.

Typical male (left) and female (right) - proportions remind wolf.

Male (left) and female (right) - the proportions remind a dog, female is without the sexual expression.

The differences in types of body from Slovakia and Czech

If we look at the exterior results of the breed in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, we find some differences. In the past, as today, had CZ and Slovakia their own club, which controls the selection of partners for the next matings. The difference is, that every club has chosen his "journey".

The Czech Republic has too much used the dog Kazan z Pohraniční stráže. Kazan was the result of interbreeding with wolves, but the exterior was terrible (for today and that time too). Kazan was important because of the new blood, but its exterior is very poor and where his presence was stronger, there were many exterior problems. Dogs look like shepherds. This, however, save the use of Slovak dogs, such as Gar z Rosíkova, Ikar z Krotkovského dvora and the like. With Kazan (I do not want to throw all the blame on him!), CZ occurred exterior deficiencies, such as long ears, black mask, dark eyes, open corners, heavy head, long format, heavy dog with a long tail and legs overangulation.

In Slovakia, the club refused Kazan for breeding and so the problem has been avoided. However, used for the crossing Rep z Pohraniční stráže so much, that it was a very close inbreeding, which also brought its problems. And the opposite to CZ occurred opposite problems - light head and no sexual expression, no difference between dogs and bitches, round eyes, missing teeth, abnormal bite, weak bones, opened hair and also behavioral problems.

Today, these differences are not so noticeable (by some breeders who prefer the "old type" are still present) the borders opened and many imported dogs and used a combination of Slovak and Czech blood. This difference decreases over the years and creates the kind of uniformity, although sometimes the differences are still evident. With the ability to mate foreign males and females, are created combinations, witch deny the rule of "bad and heavy dogs from Czech and bad light dogs from Slovakia."

Typical male

The typical male has a clear, unmistakable male expression. This is given by a wider head, wolf's coat collar, the height and a more massive bone structure. The male left is atlethical, on right is a slovakian dog, the males here are bit bigger in bones. But both very nice males.


Wrong is, if the male is small, too feminine (not masculine) or a lightweight skellet. More often is it a heavy head, not wolfy at all.

On the photo a male with a heavy head, totaly not typical for a wolf or a wolfdog. On the other photo a less masculine male with a lighter skellet also not masculine male.

Typical female

The female should not be higher than the average male, so the ideal female is up to 65 cm height at the withers. She is slender, with narrower head, bright female expression.


Wrong is, if the female is too robust, acting as a male, by females is rated worse, if it is higher than when the male is higher. The high at withers is related to the robustness of a male, dog expression.

On a photo a female with less sex expression. She reminds a male. On the other photo a female withou a wolfy exterior. Reminds dog.

Type of dog (the litter R in bonitation code

In Slovakia we have for wolfdogs expression of type 4 ways - firm, rough, fine, lymphatic. Firm and dry type is not the same, although it may look so. The dry type is also excellent and is not a mistake. Rough and fine type are not standard, and lymphatic dog is for disqalification. In last time, there were no lymphatic dogs.

Different types can be expressed:
fine type - dry type -
firm type - rough type - lymphatic type

Firm type is ideal and desirable (the first two pictures). Dry type - is softer than the firm type (pictures below). Dogs have thin skin, long legs, round bone, lean muscles and temperament is more "nerve". The dry type has strongly thick lips, nothing "hang out". They form a very thin line of black gum. (photo down:



A fine type of the left and rough to the right (female, photo by

This puppy male is in his early ages too heavy in body, has too long ears, significant foreheat line,... On the right a heavy dog (

The high by male and female

The ideal height of wolfdog is defined, but the number is not enough. For the formation of a perfect ideal proportions should be more than just "ideal" height at the withers. We follow the standard, which provides a minimum height at the withers for dogs 65cm and bitches 60 cm. A more precise definition, however, can be found in the bonitaiton card:

An (low - below standard) - the height of 65 cm to 60 cm for dogs and bitches

As (medium - ideal) - height for dogs 65 to 70 cm for females and 60-65 cm

Av (high - above the standard) - above 70 cm for dogs and over 65 cm for females

Maximum of high does not exist, but it is true, that too high dog is "sticking out" from the crowd. If the indexes are properly maintained - that dog is proportionally correct, it should be the high not defect or error. Females above 65 cm are already rated worse. Why? Because there must be preserved clear gender difference between females and males and thus should be high less than the average male. In standard can be also found that wolfdog is more than a medium sized dog. It determines the approximate height. Large and giant breeds usually have a height of more than 70 cm at the withers. We can say that the amount for males has be between 65-70 cm and for females 60-65 cm. A significant upward deviation can already cause by the bitch "male" look, bad format and may be lost the difference between the sexes. Over 70 cm high male is judged on show less "bad" as a high bitch. High bitch (talking about the height of 65 cm and more), have it considerably more difficult on dogshows, because the minimum females are 67-68 cm high and still have a nice, wolf and female character and appearance.

However its not important, how tall is a male or female, the really important thing is to get the minimum and stay typical. And it is not important, if the typical female is with 60 or 65 cm.

We must also rely on the fact that Carpathian wolf is not as high as wolves in Canada, who are usually over 90 cm... Carpathian wolf keeps height as the ideal height for wolfdog. The minimum of wolves is about 70 cm. Another is the weight that builds on height. Wolves at the height of 70 cm weighing about 40kg. The problem is that some of the CsW weigh much more by this high. Therefore, the dog can act much more not typical.

A nice wolfy look by a dog is definitely more visible, when the dog is 68 to 70 cm, than small jackal male, holding the 65 cm limit. However, the majority of very large dog has a little more canine in appearance, because the amount is not caused by wolves, but either physique (poor diet - fast growth) or dog ancestry, as there were used for breeding tall German shepherds, not tall wolves.

Judge the dog only by high is not right. The high must correspond to the length of the body and therefore formats must be in specified intervals. Otherwise, is it the case of errors. With a format errors are often related errors in the right move - walk and trot are not spacious and light, as required by the standard, but more like a shepherd. It is important to discern high and rugged heavy dog. In most cases, we can say, that the average height carries with it a reasonable wolf elegant look, the structure of the body, bones and the like. High male carries the risk of several problems in its growth and thus dysplasia and other disorders of the musculoskeletal system, ...

Breeder wants to breed puppies, that are within the standard. By the high is it complicated. On the one hand, you can not always trust the numbers measured on bonitation. Also, photograph and optics play a role. Long-legged dogs seems to be higher than those with short legs and a robust body. If the owner chooses for a smaller female a dog that has on bonitation 69 cm height, and the puppies are born, they barely reach the minimum, there was an error somewhere. Genetics is complicated, breeder must also look at the stud dog siblings and his parents and offspring​​. Nutrition, diseases, measurements on bonitation ... All this affects the hight of the dog.

Proportions - hight, length of body - formats

To determine the correct proportions of the body are used in standard data "Length of body : height at withers = 10:9" and determine the minimum height at the withers "Dogs at least 65 cm and females at least 60 cm." From these data, is derived height and length index. These are the main data to determine the "ideal" dog frame, ideal ratio of its height and length and therefore the correct proportions of dog.

Index of high is calculated from the length of the front leg joint and height at the withers. The formula is (length of feet * 100/high at the withers). The ideal ratio of length of the front legs should be 55% of body height. The ideal formula to come out is number of 54 - 55 and more

*100/ =

Judgement on Slovakian bonitation:

index 54 + and more......P1

index 53- 53,9...................P3

index  less than 52,9.......P5

Index of length (size format) is calculated from the height at the withers. The formula is (height at withers * 100/length of dog). It is considered, that wolfdogs have more longer body than are high, that gives a rectangular format of the body. The length of the dog measured from shoulder joint to the bone on ischium. The ideal formula to come out is of the number 107 to 111,1 (in Czech including 112). In Slovakia, a long dog can not be ideal (P1), but shorter yes. Mr Rosík recognized as the ideal 108. Today, however, is only applicable if the number is less than 111, the dog is very short, the above, the dog is too long. Mr. Hartl, reproached dog short format, which makes the dog relentless trotter. But neither height nor length do not affect the movement as a type of dog. Firm dog moves differently than male lymphatic, or heavy.

*100/ =

Judgement on Slovakian bonitation:

index 111,1 – 107....................P1

index 106,9 – 104....................P3

index 111,2 – 113....................P3

index 103,9 and less...............P5

      index 113,1 + and more........P5

Dog of long format (the index length is more than 111). He is small and long, so the format is not correct. The dog on right side has the body size shorter (less than 109) because it is tall and shorter.

Weight of a male and female

Weight of males or females is not really the subject of exterior, but when it comes to extremes. The standard sets out the absolute minimum and an adult male weighing 26 kg is really skinny. The standard states "Dogs at least 26 kg and females at least 20 kg."

In reality these scales are much higher. Nearly +10 kg. Males typically weigh 35 to 40 kg and look athletic and healthy. Females weigh 30 to 35 kg.

Extremes - very skinny dog and vice versa, a very fat dog.

How old can be a wolfdog?

Of course, age is not the subject of the standard, such as hair color or height. Wolfdogs are living longer, 12 years or more. As I get know myself, a bitch lives in Germany, which has 20 years, although has problems with vision, hearing, but otherwise is fine. Normally they live 15-16 years. Their vitality compared to other breeds of the same age is much higher.

Premature deaths are mainly caused by accidents. Hunting instinct, the problem with calling back... Many dogs end up under the wheels of cars, trains, or the hunters came across them. The diseases are especially epilepsy, heart disease, cancer and others.

15 years old female Gerda z Rofa.

Males - testicles

Every male should have two testicles descended into the scrotum. This should be properly coated. The testicles should be of adequate size, uniform shape, one may be larger and less stored. Should not be too small or too big. Should not be excessively soft or hard. During the life of a dog is no dramatically change. Defect excluding from breeding is, if one testicle is missing, not descent, or both are missing.

Testicles occur in 5-8 weeks, by the pick up day must have both testicles descended, must be at least tangible - we should not take the dog before are both down.

On the upper picture, you can see a normal, standard male testicles, covered with fur. On the picture down, the testicles are "naked" or covered only by minimum fur.