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The breed
Standard pictures


Typical head and body of male (left) and female (right)

Other names

Československý vlčiak (slovak)

Československý vlčák (czech)

Czechoslovakian wolfdog (english)

Tschechoslowakisher wolfshund (german)

Československý ovčiak, Slovenský vlčiak, Slovenský ovčiak, Slovenský vlk, Český vlčiak (in other languages wrong - czech wolf, czech wolfdog, czechoslowakian shepperd, czechoslovakian german shepperd,..).

Standard FCI No. 332 (Nr.332/03.09.1999)

Origin:  Czechoslovak Republic
Patronage:  Slovak Republic
Classification F.C.I.:  Group 1 (Sheep- and Cattle Dogs)
                                       Section 1 (Sheepdogs) with Working Trial.

General appearance: Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movements, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.

Important proportions: Length of body:  Height at Withers = 10:9
                                             Length of muzzle:  Length of cranial region = 2:3

Lively, very active, capable of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous. Suspicious, yet does not attack without cause. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his use.

Head: Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from the front above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.

Cranical region:  Seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly arced. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible.
Stop:  Moderate.
Nose:  Oval shape, black.
Muzzle:  Clean, not broad, straight bridge of nose.
Lips:  Tight fitting. No gap at corner at mouth. Rims of lips are black.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth, especially the canines. Siccor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according to the usual tooth formation. Regular teeth set.
Cheeks: Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.
Eyes: Small, slanting, amber coloured. Close fitting lids.
Ears: Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of height at withers); the lateral point of the set on of the ears and the outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line. A vertical line from tip of ear would run close along the head.

Neck: Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle degreed to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.


Topline: Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away slightly.
Withers: Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they must not interupt the flow of the top line.
Back: Firm and straight.
Joins: Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.
Croup: Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.
Chest: Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the shoulder joints.
Lower line and belly: Taut belly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in flanks.
Tail: Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited, raised in general sickle shape.


Front: Forelegs are straight, firm and dry. Close set with slight out-turned paws.
Shoulders:  Scapula is placed ahead (pronounced) and is well covered by muscles. It makes an angel at 65 degrees to horizontal.
Upperarm:  Well muscled. Makes an angle to the scapula at 120 to 130 degrees.
Elbows: Well adjoining, not turned in- or outwards, well marked and very mobile. Angle upperarm/forearm are about 150 degrees.
Forearm: Long, dry and straight. The length of the forearm/pastern is 55 % of the height at withers.
Carpus: Powerfull and mobile.
Pastern: Long, angulation at least 75 degrees to horizontal. Slightly elastic in movement.
Frontpaws: Big and slightly turned outwards. With long, arced toes and strong dark claws.
Hind part: Powerfull, hindlegs are placed parallel. A vertical line from the hip bone will pass through the center of the hock.
Thighs: Long, well muscled. Makes an angel to the pelvis at about 80 degrees. The hipjoint are steady and is mobile.
Stifle: Powerfull and very mobile.
Second thigh:  Long and dry with muscles. Makes an angle about 130 degrees to the pastern.
Hock: Dry, strong and very mobile.
Pastern: Long, dry placed nearly horizontal.
Paws: Pretty long, arced toes with strong dark claws. Well developed pads.

Harmonious, mobile and "groundwinning" trot, during which the legs are being moved as close as possible to the ground. Head and neck are kept close to vertical. Ambling pace then pace.

Skin: Elastic and tight without folds. Unpigmented.


Make up of the coat:  Straight and close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In winter an immense undercoat together with topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the inner part of the ear and the areas between the toes. Well coated neck.
Colour:  Yellowish-grey to silver-grey with acharactistic pale mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest. Dark grey colour with mask is permissible.

Height and weight:
Height at withers:
  Dogs, at least 65 cm. Bitches, at least 60 cm.
Weight:  Dogs, at least 26 kg. Bitches, at least 20 kg.

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered as faults, and the seriousness with which the faults should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Heavy or light head. Flat forehead.
Dark brown, black or different coloured eyes.
Coarse ear. High or low set on ear.
Neck carried high in repose; low position of neck when standing.
Unpronounced withers. Untypical topline. Long croup.
Too little or too much angulation in forequarters. Weak pastern.
Too little or too much angulation in hinquarters. Insufficient muscle.
Tail long, set low and not carried correctly.
Barely pronounced mask.
Short wavy movement.

Disqualifying Faults

Discrepancy in proportions.
Faults in deportment and temperament. Untypical head. Missing teeth, irregular bite. Untypical shape and position of eye.
Untypical set on and shape of ears.
Dewlap. Strong slope in croup.
Untypical ribcage. Faulty and untypical position of front legs.
Tail untypical in set on and carriage.
Stand -off and untypical coat. Colours other than those in the standard.
Slack ligaments. Untypical movement.

N.B. male dogs must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Original posted here. Note, that this is just translation, not the official FCI standard text. It is ranslated and modified for better understanding.

The original oldstandard - very important for a proper understanding of the breed and its exterior.

1.The description of the breed

Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a dog of firm constitutional type, with high endurance and resistance to weather, educative and quickly responsive. CSW is more than a medium-sized, rectangular frame. His appearance as construction and movement, coat texture and coloring reminds wolf. CSW is single type and color.

Source: internet

2. Important proportions

CSW has a ratio of height to length of no more than 9:10. Height at the back of the body is about 1-2 cm lower.

3. The nature and character

CSW is highly temperament and energetic. His senses are highly developed with the prevailing indicative and active defensive reaction. Is suspicious, but will not attack without reason. His lord manifested extraordinary loyalty. In battle is fearless and bold with a prerequisite for all-round fitness control.

4. Head

4.1 The outer shape of the head

The head is symmetrical, well muscled, from the side view and from the upper side forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable. When viewed from the side and the front is clear slightly domed forehead. Furrow is not significant. The transition to the cranial part of the nose is indicated moderate stop. Occipital bone clearly marked.

4.2 Facial part

Nose forms a symmetrical whole nose is always black and oval. The muzzle is dry , it is not wide and symmetrically passes into the cranial part. The lower jaw is strong. Upper line of the nose is straight. Ratio of length of muzzle to skull is 1:1.5. Lips close fitting to the gums with closed corner. Color lip coloration corresponds to the mask. The transition of the mucosal skin is black. Jaws are strong, shapely than in length and in width and provide space for the teeth and correct bite. Cheeks forms a concordant whole head, not protruding significantly, are dry and sufficiently muscled. The teeth are well developed with prominent canines. Must be a complete dentition (42), scissor bite or pincer bite with a regular line. The eyes are narrow, sloping with well-knit caps. Eye color is yellow-brown (amber). The ears are upright , short and not more than 1/6 of the dog's height, thin triangular base of the ear is at the inner corners of the eye. A vertical line from the top of the ear passes right along the head .

5. Neck

Dry, well-muscled and feathered. In the dog at ease with the horizontal plane angle to 40 degrees. Length of head and neck must allow the dog without creasing front legs reach the nose down .

6. Body

Body symmetrically follows the neck to bottom, is flat with a slight slope. It is roomy, flat rather than barrel-shaped ribs with a sharp angle to the spine. Withers is well muscled and does following the line of the neck. The back is firm, straight smudged with the transition to the loins. Loin short, well- muscled, not broad with a slight tendency to butt into which gracefully through. Croup is short, well muscled, not wide with a slight slope. Abdomen is solid, tucked up. Flanks are slightly tucked and follow symmetrically on the hips. Chest is spacious, well-muscled, pear-shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of the chest is below the elbow. Handle the sternum does not protrude in front of the shoulder joint. The tail is set high, the base of the tail straight, free-running, reaching hock and the whole well covered with hair. Emotion usually male bears crescent tail up.

7 Legs

7.1 Forelegs

Forelegs are straight, strong, dry and close together with slightly turned out feet. Shoulder blade is placed rather far forward, well muscled with the horizontal level is in 65 degree angle. Arm is muscled and shoulder blade forms an angle of between 120 to 130 degrees. Elbow adjacent to the hull and does not deviate from the line of the leg. It is a solid, substantial, flexible. Humerus with radius angle of about 150 degrees. The forearm is long, dry and flat with firm and dry bones. Directed perpendicular to the ground and its length pastern is 55 % of the dog. Feet are large, slightly toeing, with longer arched toes with strong, flexible, dark pads and with strong dark nails.

7.2 Hindlegs

Hind legs when viewed from the side emphasize flexibility, strength and endurance. Seen from behind, parallel and vertical to the ischium humps runs through the hock. The thighs are long, strong, well muscled. Pelvis angle of about 80 degrees. The lap joint is strong and flexible. Knee is strong and moving well. Lower thigh is long, lean, yet muscular and metatarsal angle of about 130 degrees. Hocks is dry, firm, flexible. The vamp is long, dry and almost vertical to the ground. Paw is concluded with longer arched toes, with distinct dark pads and strong nails. Dewclaws are undesirable, and disposed of.

8. Movement

CSW is a typical and persistent trotter. Small, light and spacious trot its natural type of movement where the pelvic and thoracic limbs moving in mutual synchronism. Movement speed of trot is average 11 to 13 km/h . When trotting are noticeable strides, movement is harmonious and easy. Back remains the trot and balances movement. Neck when trotting imminent, horizontally. Canter passes in stock flick. When walking there is pacing.

9. Skin

The skin is elastic, firm, without wrinkles, unpigmented.

10. Hair

10.1 The coat is straight, closed. Winter and summer coat is very different. In winter an immense undercoat is predominant, with a topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary cover the belly, inner thighs, scrotum, the inner part of the ear and inner part of fingers.

10.2 Coat color is yellow and gray silver, with characteristic light mask on head, the base of the neck and front chest. Admissible coloring is dark gray with a mask.

11. Size and weight

11.1 - Height - the lowest of male is 65cm and females 60cm. The upper limit of the dog and the bitch is not limited.

11.2 Weight of male at least 26 kg. Bitches at least 20 kg .

12 Weaknesses and disqualifying fouls

12.1 Weaknesses - flat face, heavy or light head, short or long muzzle, dark brown, black or multicolored eye , thick, high or low set ears, arched, high or low set neck, lackluster tap, folded back, roach back, long ass, incorrect angulated front legs, soft pastern, insufficient muscles, overangulation, not enought angulated hind legs, tail length, low set and carried incorrectly, featureless mask, short wavy movement. Summary of weaknesses that mutually disruptive reduce overall assessment.

12.2 Disqualifying fouls - height, missing one or both testicles, substandard bite, lack of teeth, open corners and unusual head, storing and unusual shape of the eye, abnormal deployment and shape of the ear lobe, very steep ass and unusual hull, flawed and untypical position of front legs, the wrong attitude and atypical hind legs, atypical tail set and carriage, open coat and atypical hair, other than the standard color, loose ligaments, angle, cumbersome and uncharacteristic move, lymphatic type, deviations in nature.